Menci

眉眼如初,岁月如故

在那无法确定的未来
只愿真心如现在一般清澈


「SHOI2007」园丁的烦恼 - CDQ

每一棵树可以用一个整数坐标来表示,每次询问你某一个矩阵内有多少树。

链接

BZOJ 1935

题解

BZOJ 1176

代码

#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>

const int MAXN = 500000;
const int MAXM = 500000;
const int MAXX = 10000000;

struct Triple {
    int x, y, *ans, k;

    Triple() {}
    Triple(const int x, const int y, int *ans, const int k) : x(x), y(y), ans(ans), k(k) {}
} a[MAXN + MAXM * 4];

int max = 0;

struct BinaryIndexedTree {
    int a[MAXX + 2];

    static int lowbit(const int x) { return x & -x; }

    int query(const int x) const {
        int ans = 0;
        for (int i = x; i > 0; i -= lowbit(i)) ans += a[i - 1];
        // printf("sum[1, %d] = %d\n", x, ans);
        return ans;
    }

    void update(const int x, const int delta) {
        // printf("a[%d] += %d\n", x, delta);
        for (int i = x; i <= max; i += lowbit(i)) a[i - 1] += delta;
    }

    void clear(const int x) {
        // printf("a[%d] = 0\n", x);
        for (int i = x; i <= max; i += lowbit(i)) {
            if (a[i - 1]) a[i - 1] = 0;
            else break;
        }
    }
} bit;

void cdq(Triple *l, Triple *r) {
    if (l == r) return;

    Triple *mid = l + (r - l) / 2;

    cdq(l, mid);
    cdq(mid + 1, r);

    static Triple tmp[MAXN + MAXM * 4];
    for (Triple *q = tmp, *p1 = l, *p2 = mid + 1; q <= tmp + (r - l); q++) {
        if ((p1 <= mid && p1->x <= p2->x) || p2 > r) {
            *q = *p1++;
            if (!q->ans) bit.update(q->y, 1);
        } else {
            *q = *p2++;
            // printf("ans += %d\n", bit.query(q->y) * q->k);
            if (q->ans) *q->ans += bit.query(q->y) * q->k;
        }
    }

    for (Triple *q = tmp, *p = l; p <= r; q++, p++) {
        *p = *q;
        bit.clear(p->y);
    }
}

int main() {
    int n, m;
    scanf("%d %d", &n, &m);

    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        scanf("%d %d", &a[i].x, &a[i].y), a[i].x += 2, a[i].y += 2;
        max = std::max(max, a[i].y);
    }

    static int ans[MAXM];
    int cnt = n;
    for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
        int x1, y1, x2, y2;
        scanf("%d %d %d %d", &x1, &y1, &x2, &y2), x1 += 2, y1 += 2, x2 += 2, y2 += 2;
        int *p = &ans[i];

        a[cnt++] = Triple(x2, y2, p, 1);
        a[cnt++] = Triple(x1 - 1, y1 - 1, p, 1);
        a[cnt++] = Triple(x1 - 1, y2, p, -1);
        a[cnt++] = Triple(x2, y1 - 1, p, -1);

        max = std::max(max, y1);
        max = std::max(max, y2);
    }

    // for (int i = 0; i < cnt; i++) {
    //     if (a[i].ans) printf("Query [%d, %d] for ans[%ld]\n", a[i].x, a[i].y, a[i].ans - ans);
    //     else printf("Update [%d, %d] = 1\n", a[i].x, a[i].y);
    // }

    cdq(a, a + cnt - 1);

    for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) printf("%d\n", ans[i]);

    return 0;
}